Saturday, May 18, 2019

Rhode Island

like is estimated to have been grown, spun and woven into c hoi polloihes in Pakistan, in the Indus River valley, 3000 geezerhood B. C. The natives of Egypt Nile valley also used like to make clothes at the same time. Cotton was introduced to europium by the Arab merchant about 800 AD cotton plant wool plant was found growing in the Bahamas Islands in 1492, a disco actually by Columbus. Cotton became known worldwide, by 1500. Cotton was first planted in 1556 in Florida and 1607 in Virginia. In 1730 cotton was first spun by use of machinery in England.This lead to the industrial revolution and later blind of the cotton gin in US that paved way for the modern cotton industry. A patent of gin in 1793 was secured by a native of Massachusetts known as Eli Whitney. The machine would do the work 10 times faster than by use of hand. The gin make it possible for the later fast growing textile industry. The supply of large quantities of cotton fibre lead to the maturation of cotton growing in the betimes 1800s. Cotton had its importance in late 1700s and primordial 1800s the research paper will be discussing cottons importance then.Earlier on James Hargreaves in 1760s invented the spinning Jenny which was later improved on by Richard Arkwright (Waterwheel Spinning Frame). Springing up of textile move and cottages for imported workers was to fol first gear. This saw the birth of factory system with the first successful system of mass return. Others who contributed to industrial revolution in cotton production included Fultons steamboat in 1807, Stephensons locomotive in 1825, Cyrus McCormicks reaper in 1831, the Howe-singer sewing machine in 1854 and Sir Henry Bessemers converter in 1858. DiscussionCotton growing in the early 1800s light-emitting diode to the textile industry development. For example the invention of spinning machines direct to further improvement to produce better machines to be used in the textile industry. James Hargreaves invention of spinning Jenny in 1760s resulted to further improvements on the machinery. The inventions led to the industrial revolution, which led to the increased production of cotton. The textile industry grew very fast to produce cotton fibre, which were used by the people in the early 1800s. Cotton growing led to the improvements in transportation system.Coal was required as fuel and iron out for the new machinery in the cotton textile manufacturing. Both coal and iron mining increased to extend raw materials for the manufacturing companies. New roads were developed to satisfy the transportation requirements. There was the development of rail roads and steamships for easy access of mines and easy supply of the material to the textile industries. Employment was created in the newly created factories. surrounded by the years 1793-1858, invention of cotton gin, steam engine, steamboat, locomotive, sewing machine and the converter was seen.The cost of producing cotton clothing was lowered by the introduction of the new devices. This created a worldwide demand for cotton. The farm workers in the cotton farms were freed to enter into the newly created factories. This promoted employment of the people in the factories. Cotton enhanced huge amount of crown investment by the south. The south region due to increased rate of cotton manufacturing invested a lot of capital and labor in cotton growing plantations. Profits were made by vast planters by use of hard workers in labor.For example Mississippi in United States quickly developed an economy found on growing cotton. This led to the growth of the economy in years that followed. Development of electric indicant was as a result of shortage of waterpower in Mississippi. The advent of steam power later led to the development of electric power. In the given economy electric power increased efficiency and led to rapid growth of the cotton industry in other regions. The economy was able to grow very fast due to increased rev enue and investment. Cotton growing led to the growth of the agricultural economy.New species of cotton were introduced to maximize the yield. Use of hard worker lab our and poor payment of workers reduced the textiles industries expenditure. uplifted revenue was channeled back to move production of cotton. The cotton plantations continued to increase in number enhancing growth of the agricultural sector. On the other hand cotton growing promoted the use of slave labor in the plantations for example, cotton manufacturing in the south led to investment of capital and labor in cotton growing. The big plantations used slave labor. The slaves would do a lot of work without payment.Slaves were exploited by cotton manufacturing industries to pass on labour in their farms. Workers had very poor living and social conditions. Apart from the slave labour, those who were employed in the plantations were paid very poorly. The workers could not afford to live well due to the low income they e arned from the cotton farms though they continued working. This influenced the later movement of people from the colonial farms to the urban areas in search of greater income and better working conditions. There was use of child labour in cotton growing.In Rhode Island, Samuel Slater in 1970 reconstructed spinning machines to establish a 72-spindle factory (first successful water-powered spinning mill in America) . Young children between 7-12 years were employed to operate machines. This left cabin and domestic flitterrs to weave yarn into cloth. This was referred to as Slater or Rhode Island system and was later emulated by manufacturers in other states. Cotton production increase can be attributed to the inventions of machines in the textile industry, availability of cheap or slave labour and increased investment of capital and growth of the agricultural economy with time.In 1973, the south produced 10, 4510 bales of cotton, then 177,824 bales in 1810 after the invention of cott on gin. This later increased to up to 7 million bales by 1850. In conclusion, cotton had both positive and negative effects on the economy of the states where it was grown in the early 1800s. From those many years, cotton has become one of the most important textile fibre in the world. From hardly a(prenominal) regions where it was grown, it has spread to many areas while technological advancements have increased its productivity. References Paul . S, Neal S, Clifford. C, Kett. F, 2008. The Enduring vision . A history of the American people

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